NASB (UPDATED) TEXT: HEBREWS 4:1-13 1 Therefore, let us fear if, while a promise remains of entering His rest, any one of you may seem to have come short of it. From the foundation of the world - The foundation of the world, καταβολη κοσμου, means the completion of the work of creation in six days. (Hebrews 4:15) Also mentioned is the fact that nothing and no one is hidden from God; all our thoughts are exposed to him. It was written mainly to the Hebrew believers. Neither is there any creature that is not manifest - God, from whom this word comes, and by whom it has all its efficacy, is infinitely wise. as far as his human nature could bear affinity to ours; for, though he had a perfect human body and human soul, yet that body was perfectly tempered; it was free from all morbid action, and consequently from all irregular movements. Dr. Owen has endeavored to prove the contrary, but I believe to no man's conviction who was able to examine and judge of the subject. The theme of Hebrews is the absolute supremacy and sufficiency of Jesus Christ as revealer and as mediator of God's grace. See on Hebrews 3:1; (note), to which this verse seems immediately to refer. This very use of the word, and its explanation, we may find in Maximus Tyrius, in his description of health, Dissert. Moses and the elders spoke the word of God plainly and forcibly to them: Christ and his apostles have done the same to us. "See how this mighty champion (martial ram) is drawn by the neck by a common girl." In the beginning, God did a whole bunch of stuff. Some have thought that by the expression before us is implied that the word of God is able to bring death, as in the case of Ananias and Sapphira; for, say they, if the soul and spirit, or the joints and marrow are separated one from another, it is impossible that life can remain. The Book of Hebrews begins with the declaration that while God has spoken in various ways through the Old Testament prophets, He has now spoken fully and finally in His Son (Hebrews 1:1-4). And in this place again - In the ninety-fifth Psalm, already quoted, Psalm 95:3. Verse 12 begins a new paragraph according to the UBS Greek text. As the Christian rest is to be obtained by faith, we should beware of unbelief lest we lose it, as the Hebrews did theirs, Hebrews 4:1. But while this effect of the word or true doctrine of God is acknowledged, let it not be supposed that it, of itself can produce such effects. That this high priest is Jesus, the Son of God; not a son or descendant of Aaron, nor coming in that way, but in a more transcendent line. This invitation is still open (6-9) I. Verses 1-10. Jesus, our High Priest. He limiteth a certain day - The term day signifies not only time in general, but also present time, and a particular space. Download the PDF version here.Download Faith, therefore, must be mixed with all that we hear, in order to make the word of God effectual to our salvation. Commentary on Hebrews 4:1-10 (Read Hebrews 4:1-10) The privileges we have under the gospel, are greater than any had under the law of Moses, though the same gospel for substance was preached under both Testaments. There are other variations, but of less importance; but the common text seems best. See Hebrews 2:18, and the note there. And so infinite is he in his knowledge, and so omnipresent is he, that the whole creation is constantly exposed to his view; nor is there a creature of the affections, mind, or imagination, that is not constantly under his eye. Every genuine minister of the Gospel has witnessed such effects as these under his ministry in repeated instances. [This is Week 3 of a 5-week preaching series on Hebrews.] The word of God is compared to a hammer that breaks the rock in pieces, Jeremiah 23:29; but will a hammer break a stone unless it is applied by the skill and strength of some powerful agent? For we do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but we have one who has been tempted in every way, just as we are—yet was without sin. Hebrews 4:1-10 Inductive Bible Study Notes and Discussion Questions. By spirit is meant a superior power by which we prefer future things to present, by which we are directed to pursue truth and right above all things, and even to despise what is agreeable to our present state, if it stand in competition with, or is prejudicial to, our future happiness. This was the covering of the ark of the testimony or covenant, at each end of which was a cherub, and between them the shechinah, or symbol of the Divine Majesty, which appeared to, and conversed with, the high priest. 2 Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds;. Hebrews 4:1-11 has been used, on one hand, to support the observance of the Sabbath commandment by Christians; and on the other hand, as evidence for the rejection of a literal obedience to the commandment. For we also have had the good news proclaimed to us, just as they did; but the message they heard was of no value to them, because they did not share the faith of those who obeyed. What a pity it had not been in the text, as all the smaller Bibles have no marginal readings, and many simple people are bewildered with the expression. This blog is basically a brief summary of the book written by M. L. Andreason, titled "THE BOOK OF HEBREWS", written in the year 1948. There is no break in the argument in Psalm 95 that the author began in chapter three. This rest is a finished work God has completed (4-5) IV. Bible > Summary > Hebrews 4 Hebrews Bible Book Summary. He marks every rising thought, every budding desire; and such as these are supposed to be the creatures to which the apostle particularly refers, and which are called, in the preceding verse, the propensities and suggestions of the heart. The Book of Hebrews In A Nutshell. (1-10) Arguments and motives to faith and hope in our approaches to God. There will be no grace for such a soul (Hebrews 6:4-8; Hebrews 10:26-31). Week 3 (Aug. 23, 2015) Preaching text: Hebrews 4:14-5:10 This passage includes an odd pair of words: sympathy and boldness. The approach mentioned here is to the כפרת kapporeth, ἱλαστηριον, the propitiatory or mercy-seat. The meaning appears to be this: We Jews, who have believed in Christ, do actually possess that rest-state of happiness in God, produced by peace of conscience and joy in the Holy Ghost - which was typified by the happiness and comfort to be enjoyed by the believing Hebrews, in the possession of the promised land. 4 Therefore, since a promise remains of entering His rest, () let us fear lest any of you seem to have come short of it. If this idea be admitted, the meaning of the last clause in this verse will be, 'That the word of God is a judge, to censure and punish the evil thoughts and intents of the heart.' Seeing then that we have a great high priest - It is contended, and very properly, that the particle ουν, which we translate seeing, as if what followed was an immediate inference from what the apostle had been speaking, should be translated now; for the apostle, though he had before mentioned Christ as the High Priest of our profession, Hebrews 3:1, and as the High Priest who made reconciliation for the sins of the people, Hebrews 2:17, does not attempt to prove this in any of the preceding chapters, but now enters upon that point, and discusses it at great length to the end of chap. Analysis Hebrews begins by announcing that the God who spoke in many and various ways through the prophets has now spoken in a … Nor can even the words and doctrine of God produce any effect but as directed by the experienced teacher, and applied by the Spirit of God. All Rights Reserved. Your email address will not be published. Many exhortations they had to the following effect: Arise, that we may go up against them; for we have seen the land, and, behold, it is very good: and are ye still? And Hebrews 13:17; : They watch for your souls, ὡς λογον αποδωσοντες, as those who must give account. Hebrews 3:4 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Hebrews 3:4, NIV: "For every house is built by someone, but God is the builder of everything." Hebrews 4. Enter the rest. The law, and the word of God in general, is repeatedly compared to a two-edged sword among the Jewish writers, פיפיות שתי חרב chereb shetey piphiyoth, the sword with the two mouths. Commentary for Hebrews 4 . The rest promised to the Hebrews was a type of that promised to Christians, Hebrews 4:3-10. But this is a rest differing from the seventh day's rest, or Sabbath, which was the original type of Canaan, the blessings of the Gospel, and eternal glory; seeing God said, concerning the unbelieving Israelites in the wilderness, I have sworn in my wrath that they shall not enter into my rest, notwithstanding the works of creation were finished, and the seventh day's rest was instituted from the foundation of the world; consequently the Israelites had entered into that rest before the oath was sworn. a propitiatory, the place where God and man are to meet. 2 We also had the good news preached to us, just as the Israelites did. "Health," says he, it is a certain disposition ὑγρων και ξηρων και ψυχρων και θερμων δυναμεων, η ὑπο τεχνης συγκραθεισων καλως, η ὑπο φυσεως ἁρμοσθεισων τεχνικως, which consists in a proper mixture together of the wet and the dry, the cold and the hot, either by an artificial process, or by the skillful economy of nature.". It is true the Septuagint generally write Ιησους Ναυη, or Υἱος Ναυη, Jesus Nave, or Jesus, son of Nave, for it is thus they translate נון בן יהושע Yehoshua ben Nun, Joshua the son of Nun; and this is sufficient to distinguish it from Jesus, son of David. Week 3 (Aug. 23, 2015) Preaching text: Hebrews 4:14-5:10 This passage includes an odd pair of words: sympathy and boldness. A visual summary of the book of Hebrews: hold onto Jesus, God's son and our great high priest (from Hebrews 4:14). A summary of Hebrews, chapter by chapter, from @biblesummary. That thus coming, feeling, and calling, we may have the utmost confidence; for we have boldness, liberty of access, freedom of speech; may plead with our Maker without fear; and expect all that heaven has to bestow; because Jesus, who died, sitteth upon the throne! This rest for God's people is what was promised throughout the entire Old Testament. 2 For indeed we have had good news preached to us, just as they also; but the word they heard did not profit them, because it was not united by faith in those who heard. ÷HEBREWS 4:1-13. "Piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit. Hebrews 3:4, KJV: "For every house is builded by some man; but he that built all things is God." Basically, God created the world and then made an agreement with the people living in it: if they put their faith in him, he would be their God. «Philemon Hebrews James» 1 There have been in all ages many unprofitable hearers; and unbelief is at the root of all unfruitfulness under the word. Jesus is our sympathetic High Priest, Hebrews 4:15. The prophecies and promises of the OT are fulfilled in the \"new covenant\" (or \"new testament\"), of which Christ is the mediator. It is here compared to a two-edged sword; but will a sword cut or pierce to the dividing of joints and marrow, or separation of soul and spirit, unless some hand push and direct it? The throne of grace in heaven answers to this propitiatory, but to this All may approach who feel their need of salvation; and they may approach μετα παρῥησιας, with freedom, confidence, liberty of speech, in opposition to the fear and trembling of the Jewish high priest. It is very likely that the words, here, are spoken to meet an objection of those Jews who wished the Christians of Palestine to apostatize: "You have no tabernacle - no temple - no high priest - no sacrifice for sin. A promise of rest remains (1) II. That this exhortation of the apostle may not be lost on us, let us consider: -, To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, But the word preached did not profit them -, Αλλ ουκ ωφελησεν ὁ λογος της ακοης εκεινους·, Not being mixed with faith in them that heard -, ὑγρων και ξηρων και ψυχρων και θερμων δυναμεων, η ὑπο τεχνης συγκραθεισων καλως, η ὑπο φυσεως ἁρμοσθεισων τεχνικως, For we which have believed do enter into rest -, It remaineth that some must enter therein -, επει ουν απολειπεται τινας εισελθειν εις αυτην, There, remaineth therefore a rest to the people of God -, For the word of God is quick, and powerful -, Και κριτικος ενθυμησεων και εννοιων καρδιας·, Neither is there any creature that is not manifest -, Ιδε κριον αρειμανιον, ὡς ὑπο του τυχοντος κορασιου τραχηλιζεται, Seeing then that we have a great high priest -, Ου γαρ εχομεν Αρχιερεα μη δυναμενον συμπαθησαι ταις ασθενειαις ἡμων·, Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace -. Faith in the word preached, in reference to that God who sent it, is the grand means of its becoming the power of God to the salvation of the soul. Verses 12-13 in their context form a postscript to the argument of 3:7 – 4:11, providing extra motivation for the exhortation of 4:11. And powerful, ενεργης, efficacious, active; sufficient, if it be not actually hindered, to produce its effects; effectual, Philemon 1:6. Buy The Complete Bible Summary … He has not been able to find more than two texts which even appeared to look his way. Hebrews 4:1-10. He enlightens the soul, and calls it gently and efficaciously, when and how he wills. A description of the word of God, Hebrews 4:12, Hebrews 4:13. 2 For since a the message declared by angels proved to be reliable, and b every transgression or disobedience received a just c retribution, 3 d how shall we escape if we e neglect such a great salvation? But perhaps the meaning of the latter clause may rather be: 'It can divide the joints and divide the marrow; i.e. Commentary on Hebrews 4:1-10 (Read Hebrews 4:1-10) The privileges we have under the gospel, are greater than any had under the law of Moses, though the same gospel for substance was preached under both Testaments. In the introduction to this epistle I have produced sufficient evidence to make it very probable that St. Paul was the author of this epistle. Hebrews 4 offers true Sabbath rest for the people of God through faith in Christ. This rest is a finished work God has completed (4-5) IV. One MS., merely to prevent the wrong application of the name, has Ιησους ὁ του Ναυη, Jesus the son of Nave. For we which have believed do enter into rest - The great spiritual blessings, the forerunners of eternal glory, which were all typified by that earthly rest or felicity promised to the ancient Israelites, we Christians do, by believing in Christ Jesus, actually possess. Through him we have confidence to come to God, Hebrews 4:16. Calmet, who had read all that either the ancients or moderns have said on this subject, and who does not think that Jesus Christ is here intended, speaks thus: "None of the properties mentioned here can be denied to the Son of God, the eternal Word; he sees all things, knows all things, penetrates all things, and can do all things. The word συγκεκραμενος, mixed, is peculiarly expressive; it is a metaphor taken from the nutrition of the human body by mixing the aliment taken into the stomach with the saliva and gastric juice, in consequence of which it is concocted, digested, reduced into chyle, which, absorbed by the lacteal vessels, and thrown into the blood, becomes the means of increasing and supporting the body, all the solids and fluids being thus generated; so that on this process, properly performed, depend (under God) strength, health, and life itself. The phrase התאה ושבת עלאה שבת shabbath illaah, veshabbath tethaah, the sabbath above, and the sabbath below, is common among the Jewish writers; and they think that where the plural number is used, as in Leviticus 19:30; : Ye shall keep my Sabbaths, that the lower and higher sabbaths are intended, and that the one is prefigured by the other. These parts left out, the discourse runs on with perfect connection. How often has it happened that a man has seen the whole of his own character, and some of the most private transactions of his life, held up as it were to public view by the preacher; and yet the parties absolutely unknown to each other! Hebrews 3:4, ESV: "(For every house is built by someone, but the builder of all things is God.)" Mr. Wesley's note on this verse is expressed with his usual precision and accuracy: -, "For the word of God - preached, Hebrews 4:2, and armed with threatenings, Hebrews 4:3, is living and powerful - attended with the power of the living God, and conveying either life or death to the hearers; sharper than any two-edged sword - penetrating the heart more than this does the body; piercing quite through, and laying open, the soul and spirit, joints and marrow - the inmost recesses of the mind, which the apostle beautifully and strongly expresses by this heap of figurative words; and is a discerner, not only of the thoughts, but also of the intentions.". 4. Though he be the Son of God, as to his human nature, and equal in his Divine nature with God; yet, having partaken of human nature, and having submitted to all its trials and distresses, and being in all points tempted like as we are, without feeling or consenting to sin; he is able to succor them that are tempted. God’s rest: what is it?. Grace is that by which the soul is supported after it has received this mercy, and by which it is purified from all unrighteousness, and upheld in all trials and difficulties, and enabled to prove faithful unto death. The great subject of the epistle is Christ however! (Hebrews 4:12) xxv. (Hebrews 4:15) Also mentioned is the fact that nothing and no one is hidden from God; all our thoughts are exposed to him. Hebrews 4:12 "For the word of God [is] quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and [is] a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart." Urged, lest any should come short of the pleasant land, and verse 12 is widely by... To the law as fully as God has completed ( 4-5 ) IV grace, retain grace improve... Or mercy-seat Sykes, and calls it gently and efficaciously, when and how he wills of things... 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